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    تاريخ التسجيل : 22/02/2012

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    مُساهمة  Admin في الأحد مارس 04, 2012 7:28 am



    Notes:
    For Preparatory schools
    Year Two
    Second term
























    Unit (13)
    خطر في البحر Danger in the sea
    Grammar & Structure
    1- giving advice 2- first &second conditional 3- during + noun
    4- prepositions 5- ’d like to & want to + inf 6- must + inf
    7- present simple passive 8- while + past cont + past simple 9- go + v- ing
    10- tell\ told + object + not to + inf 11- making suggestions 12- will not be able to + inf
    13- pronouns
    (1) إعطاء النصيحة giving advice
    1- نستخدم التركيب اللغوي التالي لإعطاء النصيحة :- المصدر + should + الفاعل
    2- نستخدم التركيب اللغوي التالي أيضا لإعطاء النصيحة المصدر + If I were ----- , I would
    ويكو ن الرد على إعطاء النصيحة ب Yes of course . I will أو Yes, I think you are right .
    Examples :-
    1- You should [ help – helped – helping ] poor people .
    2- You shouldn’t [ eat – eaten – eats ] too many sweets . Yes, of course . I will .
    3- If I [ was – am – were ] you , I would work on the farm .
    4- If I were you , I ’d [ go – went – gone ] to university . Yes, I think you are right .
    5- I fell ill . If I were you , I [ would – will – can ] see a doctor .
    6- I ’m late . If I were you , I ’d [ take – took – takes ] a taxi .

    (2) الحالة الأولى والثانية ل if first &second conditional
    الجملة الشرطية ثلاثة حالات و تتكون الجملة الشرطية من جملة فعل الشرط و جملة جواب الشرط .
    1 - الحالـة الأولـي و يستخدم هذا النوع ليعبر عن الأشياء التي من المحتمل أن تحدث . وهذه هي الحالة الأولى ل if :-
    If + فاعل +مضارع بسيط , فاعل + shall / will + المصدر
    Examples :-
    If the weather is nice, we [ ’ll – would – could ] go for a walk.
    و يمكن أن نستخدم الحالة الأولي لتعبر عن التنبؤ بما قد يحدث في المستقبل مثل :-
    If you [ work – works – worked ] hard, you will succeed.
    If you succeed, I [’ll – would – had ] give you a present . و يمكن أن نستخدم الحالة الأولي لتعبر عن الوعد مثل
     If you [ forget – forgets – forgot ] the book, I’ll hit you. و يمكن أن نستخدم الحالة الأولي لتعبر عن ا لتهديد مثل

    2 - الحالة الثانيـة و تستخدم لتعبر عن شئ غير محتمل الحدوث أو شئ مجرد فرض . وهذه هي الحالة الثانية ل if :-
    If + فاعل + ماضي بسيط ,فاعل + would + المصدر.
    Examples :-
    If you [ saw – see – seen ] him, you would kill him.
    If I [ were – am – was ] you, I’d study.
    If they had enough money, they [ would – will – can ] buy a car.
    ملحوظـة :- تستخدم were بدلا منwas مع المفرد لتوضيح أنه غير ممكن .
    Question from تكويــن الســــؤال
    لتوقع ماكان سيحدث فى مواقف غير محتملة الحدوث ( فى المستقبل ) نستخدم
    What would (you do –happen) if you saw a shark?
    Examples :-
    1 – What would you do if you had enough money? If I had enough money, I’d buy a car.
    2- What [ will – would – had ] happen if you got a million pounds ? If I got a million pounds , I ’d travel around the world .
    Unless = If + not
    If Ahmed doesn’t hurry, he’ll miss the train. = Unless Ahmed hurries, he’ll miss the train.
    during + (3) أثناء الاسم
    Examples :-
    They went to Alex [ when – during – while ] the holidays .
    He met lots of friends [ during – while – when ] his stay in London .
    Prepositions (4) حروف جر
    Look after يعتني ب
    Live in يعيش في
    Stay at يقيم في
    Write to يكتب إلى
    Know about يعرف عن
    The reason for السبب في Put on weight يزيد وزنه
    Go on a holiday يقوم بعطلة
    Discuss a problem with
    يناقش مشكلة مع
    Ask for help يطلب المساعدة
    Run a way يهرب Frightened of خائف من
    Afraid of خائف من
    Angry with غضبان من
    Careful with حريص على
    Live next door to us
    يسكن فى المنزل المجاور لنا Replace with يستبدل ب
    Talk to يتحدث إلى
    Come with ياتى مع
    Worried about
    قلق على
    ’d like to & want to + (5) يريد أن المصدر
    Examples :-
    1- I ’d (= would ) like to [ live – living – lived ] in Alex .
    2- I want to [ lived – lives – live ] in Tanta .
    must + (6) يجب أن + المصدر
    Examples :-
    You must [ be – been – bee ] careful with your money .

    (7) المضارع البسيط في صيغة المبنى للمجهول The present simple passive
    عند بناء زمن المضارع البسيط إلى المبنى للمجهول نتبع القاعدة is مفرد
    Pp + are المفعول
    جمع
    Examples :
    (1) He plays football everyday . Football is played by him every day .
    (2) She cooks the food . The food is cooked .
    (3) They wash the dishes . The dishes are washed .

    while (Cool بينما ماضي بسيط + ماضي مستمر +
    + ماضي بسيط while ماضي مستمر +
    Examples :
    1- While we [ were diving - diving – dive ] , I saw a shark .
    2- I [ see - saw seen ] a shark while I was diving .
    go + v- ing (9) يذهب
    Examples :
    They will go [ fish – fishing – fished ] tomorrow .

    Tell \ told + مفعول + not to (10) اخبرهم ألا المصدر +
    Examples:
    The professor told them not to [ worried – worry – worries ] .

    making suggestions (11) تقديم الاقتراحات
    let’s عند عمل اقتراح نستخدم احد التعبيرات آلاتية :- المصدر +
    If I were ------ , I would + المصدر
    Examples:
    I ’m late . If I were you , I ’d [ take – took – takes ] a taxi .
    Let’s [ go – went – gone ] and look .
    will not be able to + (12) غير قادرين على المصدر
    نستخدم هذا التعبير للتعبير عن عدم القدرة على عمل شيء ما في المستقبل .
    Examples:
    The whale won’t be able to[ follow - followed – following ] us .

    Pronouns (13) الضمائر

    ضمائر الفاعل I she he it we you they
    ضمائر المفعول me her
    him
    it
    us
    you
    them
    لضمائر المتبوعة my her
    his its our your their
    الضمائر الغير متبوعة mine hers his its ours yours theirs
    الضمير المنعكس myself herself himself itself ourselves yourselves themselves
    Examples:
    1-Show (I –me –my) your book, please.
    2-Get the books and put (them – they - their) on the table.
    3-How many students are there in ( your – you – yours ) class?
    4-What’s ( his – him - him) job?
    5-I own that car, it is ( mine – my - me) .


    Exercises on unit (13)
    1-Finish the following sentence.
    1-Who is that woman? Why are you looking at……..
    2-Do you know Mr.Khaled? Yes, teaches………..….
    3-Mr.Khaled wants his keys; please give ……to……
    4-We want our books, please give ………to……..….
    5-Yara wants her book, please give ………to……….
    6-Ahmed and Mohamed like football………......like to watch……….…
    7-They live with …….parents and we live with ……….
    8-I took Ahmed's C. D and ………...took………….….
    9-Mr.Khaled doesn’t like Cartoons films but Ahmed likes……..
    10-Eman wants to ask ……but ……don't want to answer.
    2-Write one word.
    1-A boat which can sail under water………………….
    2-Move behind someone or something………………
    3-cut with your teeth…………….……
    4-Large stones……………..………….
    5-Very big: enormous…………………………………
    3-Rearrange the following.
    1-stundt -Is – Ahmed – university - a?
    2-uncle – my – to – would - write -I, If – were –Ahmed – I .
    3-am –I - a - film - called -Ashraf's –watching -problem.
    4-What – you – do – would - if –see –a – lion –you - ?
    5-you- tell- parents - your- if – failed - Would -you?
    4 - Correct the verbs in brackets:-
    1 – If Sabrin won some money, she (give) it to her cousins.
    2 – If Hager (win) some money, he would buy presents for his friends.
    3 – If Asmaa got money, she (buy) clothes.
    4 – If Ahmed had money, he (go) on a trip to Cairo.
    5 – If he played well, he (win) the match.
    6 – If she (study) well, she (succeed).
    7 – If Ali did his homework, he (watch) TV.
    8 – If he (tell) us the truth, we wouldn’t punish him.
    9 – They (visit) the museum if they had enough time.
    10 - We would borrow the book if the teacher (ask) us to read it.
    11-If you eat too much, you (be) Sick.
    12- If you’re not careful, you (fall) .
    5-Read and answer the questions.
    Every summer holiday Ahmed goes to Alexandria with his family. Last August Ahmed’s Family stayed in Cairo. Ahmed played on the beach went swimming with his cousins. He also enjoyed watching his uncle fishing in the sea. In the evening Ahmed and his cousins went for A walk along the Suez Canal. At the end of August Ahmed returned with his uncle’s family to Cairo. Ahmed’s father went to the railway station to meet them.
    A - Choose the correct answer :-
    1 – Ahmed lives in (Cairo – Alexandria – Suez – Port Said).
    2 – Ahmed went to Port Said in (winter – spring – summer – autumn).
    3 – Ahmed returned to Cairo on the (1 St – 11th – 21 St – 31 St) of August
    B – Answer these questions:
    4 – Can Ahmed swim? …………………………………………………
    5 – What did Ahmed’s uncle do in the sea? ……………………………………
    6-Compete the missing parts in the following dialogue :-
    Teacher : Ahmed ………………”1” …….…………
    Ahmed :I play chess, sir .
    Teacher : Oh, really ? That’s interesting. Who taught you to play chess?
    Ahmed : ……………… ……”2” …………….……
    Teacher : …………………….”3” …………………?
    Ahmed :Since I was ten .
    7-Punctuate the following sentences:-
    1-why is yara shouting
    2-if you play foot ball well you win
    3-monday comes after sunday
    4-tourists dont speak arabic

    Unit (14)
    خطر في البحر( الجزء الثانى ) Danger in the sea
    Grammar & Structure
    1- telling the time 2- prepositions 3- idioms & expression
    4- talking about obligations 5- present cont 6- so + result
    7- making questions 8- will be able to + inf 9 – won’t be able to + inf
    10- Plural Nouns
    (1) الإخبار عن الوقت telling the time
    هناك طريقتان مختلفتان للتعبير عن الوقت :

    Half past eight = eight thirty 8 .30 . a quarter to ten = nine forty – five 9.45
    A quarter past twelve = twelve fifteen 12.15 half past one = one thirty 1.30
    ولاحظ إن حرف الجر at يسبق الوقت مثل at ten o'clock = at ten

    عندما نسال عن الساعة أو الوقت نسال بإحدى الأسئلة الآتية :
    كم الساعة ؟ What is the time ? OR كم تكون الساعة ؟ What time is it ?
    وعند الإخبار عن الوقت أو الرد على هذه الأسئلة نتبع القاعدة الآتية :
    الساعة + past + الدقائق + It’s OR الساعة + to + الدقائق + It’s
    ملحوظة بعض الكلمات التي تستخدم مع الساعات هي : ربع quarter نصف half و past إلا to
    Examples :
    الوحدة إلا ربع It’s quarter to one. الوحدة و ربع .It’s quarter past one كم الساعة ؟ What is the time?
    الوحدة والنصف It’s half past one. الوحدة تماما It’s one o'clock . كم الساعة ؟ What is the time?
    (1) It’s half [ to – past – o'clock ] Tow . (2) It’s quarter [ for – o'clock – to ] nine .
    (3) It’s Three [ o'clock – past – to ] . (4) What time does the train to Aswan leave ? it leaves at 10.25 am .
    اختصار لوقت بعد الظهر . pm اختصار لوقت قبل الظهر و Am لاحظ أن
    Prepositions (2) حروف جر
    fly to يطير
    on holiday في أجازة
    in two weeks بعد أسبوعين
    by plane بالطائرة
    by air جوا
    arrive in يصل إلى عاصمة
    arrive at يصل إلى مكان صغير
    at the bus station
    عند موقف الأتوبيس ( النهائي )
    at the bus stop
    عند محطة الأتوبيس ( في كل شارع )
    want to يريد أن
    able to قادر على
    on Sunday في يوم الأحد
    is made of مصنوع من
    go out for lunch
    يخرج لتناول طعام الغداء
    at the bottom of the sea
    في قاع البحر
    in the correct order
    يضع الشى في ترتيبه الصحيح belong to يخص – ينتمي إلى
    write about يكتب عن
    on the radio في اللاسلكي
    return to يعود إلى
    frighten the octopus with the light
    يرعب الإخطبوط بالضوء

    idioms & expres​sion(3) مصطلحات وتعبيرات
    Look smart يبدو أنيقا
    Get ready يستعد

    Go sightseeing يذهب لزيارة الأماكن الهامة
    Keep fit يحافظ على لياقته البدنية

    Talking about obligations (4) التحدث عن الضرورة واللزام
    have to OR has to عند التحدث عن الضرورة فى زمن المضارع نستخدم :- المصدر +
    Will have to عند التحدث عن الضرورة فى زمن المستقبل نستخدم :- المصدر +
    had to عند التحدث عن الضرورة فى زمن الماضى نستخدم :- المصدر +
    Have to مع we -you - they -I (اسم جمع)
    Has to مع she – he – it - (اسم مفرد) .
    Examples:-
    1-I have to [ study – studied – studying ] my lesson well . 2-We have to [ visited – visiting – visit ] him.
    3-Ahmed has to [ get up – gets up – got up ] early. 4-She has to [ help – helped – helping ] us.

    مع كل الضمائرWill have to + المصدر
    EX :- I will have to [ meet – met – meeting ] them at the insitute.
    Yara will havt to [ visit – visited – visiting ] her sick friend.
    They will have to [ spend – spent – spending ] alot of money .
    مع كل الضمائرhad to + المصدر
    EX :- Ali had to [ move – moved – moving ] the rock to see the treasure .
    Yara had to [ take - took – taken ] a torch because it was dark.
    لاحظ أن have to – has to - had to = must ولكن ما الفرق بينهما .
    When do we use “ have or “ & “ must “ ?
    We use “ have to “ when the speaker expresses a need from outside .
    Ex : from a teacher / a boss / a parent etc ……..………..

    نستخدمhave to عندما يعبر المتحدث عن حاجة عن نطاقه ( من قبل مدرس – رئيس – والد )
    Abeer and Mona have to do this exercise for Mr. Khaled.
    We use “ must “ when the speaker feels a strong need inside .
    نستخدم must عندما يشعر المتحدث بحاجة داخلية ملحة منه و ليست مفروضة من شخص أخر .
    Ex: We must run quickly to take the bus .

    وعند عمل سؤال ب have to نتبع القاعدة الاتية ? التكملة + المصدر + have to + الفاعل + do + أداة الاستفهام
    وعند عمل سؤال ب has to نتبع القاعدة الاتية ?التكملة + المصدر + have to + الفاعل does + + أداة الاستفهام
    وعند عمل سؤال ب will have to نتبع القاعدة الاتية ? التكملة + المصدر + have to + الفاعل + will + اداة الاستفهام
    وعند عمل سؤال ب had to نتبع القاعدة الاتية ? التكملة + المصدر + have to + الفاعل + did + اداة الاستفهام
    Examples:-
    Where do you have to [ go – went – gone ] every day ? I have to go to school every day .
    What [ does – do – did ] Mona have to do before she leaves ? she has to clean her room .
    When [ will – do – does ] they have to travel to Tanta ? they will have to travel to Tanta next week .
    What [ do – does – did ] she have to do yesterday ? she had to do her homework .

    ملحـــوظـــــة :- الأفعال الآتية تأتي بعد الفعل ( go ) في شكل ( gerund = V + - ing )
    go sightseeing يرتاد الأماكن الهامة go sailing يبحر go shopping يتسوق / يخرج للشراء
    go swimming يعوم go fishing يذهب للصيد

    (5) زمن المضارع المستمر The present continuous tense
    يستخدم زمن المضارع المستمر للتعبير عن أفعال تحدث في الوقت الحاضر ( أثناء الكلام ) .
    التــــــكوين formation
    I am
    - He – she - it is + V – ing الاسم المفرد
    - They – we – you are الاسم الجمع
    Examples :
    (1) I am [ playing - played – play ] football now . (2) she is [ clean - cleaning – cleaned ] the house .
    (3) They are [ watched – watch – watching ] TV now . (4) Look , he is [ sing – singing – sings ] .

    ملاحظات 1- عند اضافة ing إلى الفعل نحذف حرف e إذا انتهى الفعل بحرف e
    2-نحذف حرفيie إذا انتهى الفعل بهم ونضع lie (ying) lying
    3 -يضاعف الحرف الأخير عند إضافة ing إذا كان الحرف الأخير ساكن قبله متحرك . مثل swim swimming
    Examples :
    1-We are [ read - reading – ride ] a nice story now. 2-I am [ writing – write – wrote ] .
    3-She is [ eating – ate – eaten ] an ice cream. 4-Ahmed is [ watched - watching – watch ] T.V.
     لاحظ : أننا نستخدم زمن المضارع المستمر لعمل ترتيبات فى المستقبل .
    Examples :
    We are [ traveling – travel – traveled ] to Damanhour next week.
    What time are [ going – go – went ] to institute tomorrow.
    Yara is [ visiting – visit – visited ] Mr.Khaled next week .
    الكلمات الدالة عليه Key Words
    ( الآن ) now ( في الوقت الحاضر) at the present time
    ( يستمع ) listen ( ينظر) look ( في هذه اللحظة) at the moment

    النـــفي Negative
    عند نفى زمن المضارع المستمر نضع not بعد am – is – are .
    Examples :
    He is not playing football now . النفي He is playing football now .
    They are not watching TV now . النفي They are watching TV now .
    I am not playing Tennis now . النفي I am playing Tennis now .
    وعند عمل سؤال في زمن المضارع المستمر نقدم am – is – are على الفاعل .
    وعند عمل سؤال بأداة استفهام نستخدم القاعدة الآتية
    ? + التكملة + الفعل + الفاعل + am - is - are + الأداة
    Examples :
    He is playing football . Is he playing football ? What is he doing ?
    She is watching TV . Is she watching TV ? What is she doing ?
    Ali is eating in the kitchen . Is Ali eating in the kitchen ? Where is Ali eating ?


    (6) لذلك النتيجة + so + السبب
    تستخدم so وياتى قبلها السبب وياتى بعدها النتيجة . Examples :-
    She was very ill, [ so – because – to ] she went to hospital.
    He eats lots of food , [ so – because – to ] he is putting on weight .

    making questions (7) تكوين الأسئلة
    هناك نوعان من الأسئلة (1) سؤال بفعل مساعد (2) سؤال بااداة استفهام .
    الأسئلة التي تبدءا بفعل مساعد يكون الإجابة عليها ب Yes أو No .
    " " " بااداة استفهام يكون الإجابة عليها بحسب الأداة المستخدمة .
    الأفعال المساعدة و أدوات الاستفهام هي :
    الأفعال المساعدة
    Is – am – are – was – were – has have – had – do – does – did –can could - may – might – will – would must – shall - should أدوات الاستفهام
    Where – what – when – why – who – which – how –whom – whose
    عند عمل سؤال بفعل مساعد نتبع القاعدة الاتيه :-
    الفعل المساعد + الفاعل + تكملة الجملة + ؟
    Examples :
    He was at home. was he at home ? Yes , he was . No he wasn’t .
    He is a teacher . Is he a teacher ? Yes , he is . No , he isn’t .
    Iam a doctor . Are you a doctor? Yes I am . No I am not
    They are pupils . Are they pupils ? Yes , they are . No , they aren’t .
    They were tired . Were they tired ? Yes , they were . No , they weren’t .
    Yes , she has . No she hasn’t . She has cleaned the house.. Has she …..?
    They have played Tennis. Have they….? Yes , they have . No they haven’t .
    They had " " Had they …..? Yes , they had . No they hadn’t .

    He played football . Did he play football? Yes he did . No he didn’t .
    He plays football . Does he play football? Yes he does No he doesn’t .
    They play Tennis . Do they play Tennis? Yes they do . No they don’t .
    They can swim . Can they swim? Yes they can . No they can’t .

    (2) النوع الثاتى من الأسئلة (سؤال بأداة استفهام)
    عند عمل سؤال بأداة استفهام نتبع القاعدة الآتية
    أداة الاستفهام + الفعل المساعد + الفاعل + تكملة الجملة + ؟
    Examples :
    They are playing Tennis . …………….What are they playing ?
    They have cooked the food . ………...What have they cooked ?
    The bag is on the table . …………… . .Where is the bag ?
    She gets up at six o'clock . ………… …When does she get up ?

    الفاعل + will be able to +المصدر (Cool سوف يكون قادر على
    Examples :
     Abou –Treika will be able to [ score – scored – scoring ] goals next match.
    won’t be able to (9) لا يكون قادر على المصدر +
    Examples :
     Abou –Treika will not be able to [ score – scored – scoring ] goals next match.
    Plural Nouns (10) جمع الأسماء
    Nouns الأسمـــــــــاء
    نجد في الإنجليزية أسماء تستخدم للمذكر و المؤنث علي السواء مثل :-
    - a friend صديقة – صديق - a teacher مدرسة – مدرس - a doctor طبيبة – طبيب
    - a cat قطة – قــــط - a tourist سائحة - سائــــح - a pupil تلميــذ – تلميذة
    تكتب أسماء الأعلام " الأشخاص " بحرف كبير في بدايتها أيا كان موضع الاسم في الجملة : مثل Yara – Ahmed- Mohammed- Fatma- Hager - Mona – Tamer-Somaia- Shymaa
    ** بعض الأفعال يضاف إليها ing وتصبح اسم فعل gerund مثل play playing اللعــب write writing الكتابة

    Plural Nouns جمع الأسماء
    الأسماء في الإنجليزية إما مفرد أو جمع ، فالإنجليزية لا تعرف المثني . و يتكـــون الجمع :-في معظم الحالات بإضافة حرف S إلي الاسم المفـــــرد . مثـــــــل :-
    أخـــــــــــوات sisters - أسمــــاء sister كــــــتب books - كــــــتاب a book
    أقــــــــــــــلام pens - قلــــــــم a pen بنـــــات girls - قــــــطط girl
    ** و في بعض الأسمـــــاء التي تنتهي ( o , x , ch, ss , sh , s ) نضيف es مثل :- boxes box
    ** في بعض الأسماء التي تنتهي بحرف Y و قبلها حرف ساكن تحذفه ونضع ies بدلا منها :-
    Country countries baby babies
    ** و في بعض الأسماء التي تنتهي بحرف ( F ) نحذفه ونضع ( v e s ) بدلا منها : leaf leaves
    ** وهناك كلمات بتشكل الجمع منها بطرق مختلفة مثل man رجل men رجال a child children
    ** و هناك أسماء في الإنجليزية لا يمكن عدها ( و هي تعامل الأسماء المفردة ) مثل :-
    money, air, smoke; news – milk, water, coffee, meat, salt, rice, blood

    a – an - some – any – the
    ** تستخدم ( a ) أمام الاسم المفرد الذي له جمع ، و يبدأ بحرف ساكن . a camera – a map –
    ** تستخدم ( an ) أمام الاسم المفرد الذي له جمع ، و يبدأ بحرف متحرك . an accident – an animal
    ** تستخدم ( a ) لتعبر عن معني ( every ) أي ( كل / في كل / في )
    Yara and Wafaa have five English lessons a week. Yara visits her aunt once a month.
    Some – any
    ** تستخدم ( some ) مع الأسماء التي لها جمع ، بمعني " بعض " some books – some ideas –
    ** تستخدم ( some ) مع الأسماء التي ليس لها جمع ، بمعني ( كمية / مقدار من …. )
    Some rice – some cheese – some orange juice .
    ** تستخدم ( any ) بمعني ( أي ) في حالتي النفي و الاستفهام .
    Did she make any mistakes? We’ve got some cheese, but we haven’t got any bread .
    ** تستخدم ( some ) في السؤال إذا كان يقصد به ( العرض offering )
    Yara : Would you like some tea ? Amina: Yes, please .
    The
    هي أداة تعريف تستخدم قبل الاسم المفرد أو الجمع بمعني ( ال ) الرجال the men - الرجل the man
    ** تستخدم قبل الأسماء التي توجد منها واحد فقط :- the sky – the sun – the moon –
    ** تستخدم مع فترات النهار : in the morning – in the afternoon – in the evening
    As soon as + ماضى بسيط+ ماضى بسيط
    As soon as مستقبل بسيط + مضارع بسيط +
    As soon as the octopus saw the strong light, it swam away.

    Exercises on unit (14)
    1-Choose the correct answer.
    1-We are going to (play - plays - playing) tennis.
    2-Tommorrow, she (buy - was buying - is buying -buying) a car.
    3-When is Yara (go – goes - going)to England?
    4-We (have – going – has – having )to help our neighours.
    5-What time is Ahmed (traveled – traveling - travel)to Alex?
    6-(Egypt – Sudan – Syria - Greece) is an European country.
    7-Befor traveling, I should (went – gone – goes - go) shopping.
    8-Good food, exercise and sleep are the keys to be( fat – fit - foot).
    9-Ahmed always keeps his room clean and (tidy – ironed - dirty).
    10-You have to wash your hair and (brush – wash – washed ) your teeth.
    11-We have to preserve the food in the (desk – bag – fridge - sew).
    12-I (make – get – be - do) my homework because I have to do it.
    13-Ahmed has to put (away – into - down) shopping today.
    14-Can I play volleyball (through - on – with) Mohamed.
    15-I can't travel to France without (mobile – passport - card).
    16-To go to the sea, we wear a diving (suit – scarf – jean - jumper).
    17-I like this shirt, Amina .You look very ( sad – smart - strong).
    18-When we go to Cairo, we are going to go( walking – sightseeing - walked ) .
    19-We went (shopping – shop - shops) and bought a lot of things.
    20-As soon as he gets much money, he (will buy – buy - buys) it.
    21-As soon as he saw me, he (cry – cried - cries).
    22-As soon as she (passes –pass – passed ) the exam, I will buy her a car.
    23-As soon as the police saw him, he (run- ran- runs) away.


    2-Read and correct the underline words.
    1-The treasure belongs on the Egyptians. (………….)
    2-They will send him to look up the lost boy. (………….)
    3-you mustn't flight octopuses. (………….)
    4-How much do you go there? Twice a week. (………….)
    5-We are flying to Louxr in Sunday. (………….)
    6-As soons as he sees the clown, he jumped for joy. (…….…….)
    7-They have too exercise more. (………….)
    3-Read the following passage and answer the questions:-
    The killer whales are the most dangerous in the sea. Sailors are terrified of them. They have huge teeth and they attack anything that swims in the sea. Their colours are white and black .Sharks are also dangerous. They can smell blood, and they swim towards it. So, a person who has cut himself must not go and swim in the Red sea. The octopuses are the most interesting animals. The octopus has eight arms. They always catch divers.
    A- Answer the following questions :-
    1 – What are the most dangerous animals in the sea?
    2 – What can sharks smell?
    B) Choose the correct answer:-
    3 – Sailors are [happy with – afraid of – kind to – angry with] the killer whales.
    4 – Sharks can smell [water – blood – oil – gas].
    5 – The octopus has [six – seven – eight – nine] arms.
    4-Read and match.
    1-Ahmed does his homework as a-because I have to do them.
    2-Maha goes to bed early b-empty the fridge
    3-I do exams at institute c-last year.
    4-Befor travelling, I have to d-he likes doing it.
    5-The professor invented the submarine e- to get up early
    5-Write question using the words in brackets.
    1-Ahmed went to Alex in summer. (Where)
    2-Ahmed goes with Mohamed to the institute. (Who…With)
    3-This dress costs 100 pounds. (How much)
    4-Yara lives in Mahallet Bisher. (Where)
    5-I’ll have to buy a dictionary to learn English. (Why)
    6-We go to institute on food. ( How)
    6-Make these sentences singular:-
    1-Horses are animals. ………………………………….…………….
    2-Watches are small clocks. …………………………………….…………….
    3-Girls wear dresses ………………………………………….…………….
    4-Children are not always good. ………………………………….…………….
    5-There are always tables and chairs in dining – rooms ……………………….
    6-Dogs are good friends to men………………………………….…………….
    7-Hungry boys eat large dinners………………………………….…………….
    8-Classrooms have blackboards…………………………….…………….
    9 -Are there watches in these boxes? ……………………………………………
    7-Make these sentences plural
    1 – A fly an insect …………………
    2 – This watch is mine. ………………
    3 – An eye is blue or brown. …………………
    4 – I have toothbrush………
    5– A teacher is a man or a woman. …………
    7 – A box has a lid. ……………
    8 – The mouse was caught ……………
    8-Rearrange the following.
    1-going – afternoon -I – fishing – am - this. …………………………………
    2-Ahmed – greedy – a – is - person……………………………………………
    3-to - a trip - had – Cairo – I – on – to - go…………………………………...
    4-octopuses - fight - mustn't – you……………………………………………..
    9-Complete the missing parts in the following dialogue :-
    Man : Hello, Mr. Farid ………….”1” ………………..?
    Farid : I’d like some fish , please and some rice .
    Man : Any vegetables ?
    Farid : No, …………….”2” ………………….
    Man : And what ……”3” …………….?
    Farid : Some tea , please .
    Unit (15)
    حياتنا متغيرة changing lives
    Grammar & Structure
    1- used to + inf 2- when + subject + verb 3- compare …..with
    4- where 5- prepositionxs 6- there didn’t use to be + inf
    7- like – enjoy + v-ing 8- during + N +sub +used to + inf 9- when + sub + was + …+ sub + used to + inf 10 – too – either 11- start + v-ing 12-that’s why + subj + verb + ……
    13- didn’t use to + inf 14- love + noun OR V-ing 15- to + inf
    Used to +(1) المصدر
    تعبر كلمة used to عن عادة كان يفعلها الإنسان في الماضي ولكنة لم يعد يفعلها الآن وياتى بعدها الفعل في المصدر.
    Ali used to [ played - play plays ] football in the street when he was young.
    يمكن استخدام الماضي البسيط للتعبير عن عادة كانت في الماضي ولم تعد تحدث الآن.
    Once, I travelled to Cairo, but now I don’t travel to Cairo.
    لا تستخدم used to في المضارع ولكن إذا أردنا أن نعبر عن عادة تحدث في المضارع فإننا نستخدم المضارع البسيط ليعبر عن ذلك.
    Yara usually [ went - goes - go ] to institute on foot.
    عند نفى جملة بها used to نتبع الاتى
    Affirmative إثبات Negative نفى Example
    1-He used to smoke. 1-didn’t use to + inf
    2-never used to + inf
    3-used not to + inf 1-He didn’t use to smoke.
    2-He never used to smoke.
    3-He used not to smoke.
    اتبع الاتى used to في حالة الاستفهام: - لتكوين سؤال في جملة بها
    هناك نوعان من الأسئلة
    Did +use to + التكملة + المصدر+ ? أولا: السؤال بفعل مساعد :- عند عمل سؤال بفعل مساعد نتبع القاعدة آلاتية
    Examples : -
    Did Ahmed use to [ fought – fights – fight ] with Mohamed? Yes ,he did . No, he didn’t .

    + اداة استفهام did + فاعل + use to + المصدر+التكملة +? ثانيا:السؤال بأداة استفهام:- عند عمل سؤال بأداة استفهام نتبع القاعدة الآتية
    Examples : -
    Mr.Khaled used to visit me on Friday. What did he use to [ did – does - do ] on Friday?
    Used to + v + ing+ be
    تعبر عن عادة كان يفعلها الانسان في الماضي ومازال يفعلها حتى الآن.
    Examples :
     I am used to [explain – explaining – explained ] English.
    1-Aya (use to- used for-used to-used up) get up late.
    2-When I was young, I(used- use- used up) a lot of sweet.
    3-They (didn’t –don’t- doesn’t) use to play in the street.
    4-He is used to (studying-study- studies) English at night.
    5-In the past Ahmed used to (fight- fights- fighting) with me.
    6-I used to smoke but now, I (didn’t –don’t- doesn’t).
    when (2) عندما فعل + فاعل +
    بمعنى عندما وياتى بعدها فاعل + فعل ويمكن أن تاتى في أول الجملة أو وسطها . when تستخدم
    Examples :
    When I was a child , I used to play in the street . = I used to play in the street when I was a child .
    compare …… with (3) يقارن شي بشي أخر
    Examples :
    Ali compared his life in England [ - to – at - with ] Australia .
    Where (4) حيث ( ضمير وصل يدل على المكان )
    Examples :
    That’s the bank [ who – where – which ] my aunt works .
    Prepositions (5) حروف جر
    write to يكتب إلى
    write about يكتب عن
    compare with يقارن ب
    in melbourne فى مدينة ملبورن
    in July في شهر يوليو
    in the past فى الماضى
    play with يلعب مع
    travel to يسافر إلى a letter from a friend
    خطاب من صديق
    on sunday فى يوم الأحد
    to the left على اليسار
    to the right على اليمين
    next to بجوار
    in year 2 فى الصف الثاني
    by bus بالأتوبيس on the left of the building
    على يسار المبنى
    on the right of the building
    على يمين المبنى
    in flat فى شقة
    in front of أمام
    during the day أثناء النهار
    behave well يسلك سلوكا حسنا look for يبحث عن
    sit at the table يجلس إلى المائدة
    put it down يضعه على الأرض
    with a pencil بقلم رصاص
    stay with يقيم مع
    help with the house
    يساعد فى أعمال المنزل


      الوقت/التاريخ الآن هو الثلاثاء يوليو 25, 2017 4:33 am